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Urology Research

The Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Urology department is an institution of surgical and academic excellence focused on achieving the best possible outcomes for our patients whilst fostering world class research and pushing the boundaries of what is possible in urological surgery.

Our experienced surgeons  have a diverse range of interests including minimally invasive procedures, complex open oncological surgery and major reconstructive surgery. RPA is one of the few public hospitals offering robotic surgery, and there is ongoing recruitment in to randomised controlled trials of patients undergoing robotic prostatectomy for prostate cancer,  robotic partial nephrectomy for kidney cancer and robotic bladder cancer surgery.

The Urology department is committed to an evidence-based approach to patient care and strives to advance the field through high quality research. It is a quaternary referral centre for the most complex open urological procedures including retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer and caval thrombectomy and reconstruction for advanced kidney cancer. 

Our Key Research Themes

  • Urological surgical techniques
  • Cellular function of prostate cancer
  • Outcome of robotic-assisted surgery of partial nephrectomy and radical prostatectomy
  • Robotic node dissection

Our Research Team

Dr David Eisinger Head of Department
Urological and transplant surgeon
Dr John Boulas Urological and transplant surgeon
Associate Professor Paul Sved Uro-oncologist and robotic surgeon
Dr Scott Leslie Urological, transplant and robotic surgeon
Dr Arthur Vasilaras Urological, transplant and robotic surgeon
Dr Nicola Jeffery Urological and reconstructive surgeon
Kevin Ancog Prostate Cancer Nurse Specialist
Virginia Ip Clinical Nurse Specialist 

Our Publications


Combes AD, Palma CA, Calopedos R, Wen L, Woo H, Fulham M, Leslie S. PSMA PET- CT in the Diagnosis and Staging of Prostate Cancer. Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Oct 26;12(11):2594. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics12112594. PMID: 36359439; PMCID: PMC9689635.
Davies M, Bramwell LR, Jeffery N, Bunce B, Lee BP, Knight B, Auckland C, Masoli JA, Harries LW. Persistence of clinically relevant levels of SARS-CoV2 envelope gene subgenomic RNAs in non-immunocompromised individuals. Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Mar;116:418-425. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2021.12.312. Epub 2021 Dec 7. PMID: 34890790; PMCID: PMC8757659.
Ealing I, Calopedos R, Basto M, Palma C, Boulas J. Anatrophic nephrolithotomy and pyelolithotomy for dual staghorn calculi in bifid collecting system. J Surg Case Rep. 2022 Nov 26;2022(11):rjac547. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjac547. PMID: 36452279; PMCID: PMC9701563.
Jiang JY, Kang C, Jackson S, Jeffery N, Winter M, Le K, Mansberg R. A rare case of urachal mucinous adenocarcinoma detected by 18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI. Radiol Case Rep. 2022 Feb 6;17(4):1231-1235. doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2022.01.069. PMID: 35198084; PMCID: PMC8844653.
Khanani H, McClintock G, Fernando H, Heller G, Asher R, Garcia C, Smith DP, Getley I, Ahmadi N, Doeuk N, Leslie S, Thanigasalam N, Woo HH. Incidence and mortality of prostate cancer in commercial airline cockpit crew: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Société Internationale d'Urologie Journal. 2022 May 3(3): 145-162
Makary J, van Diepen DC, Arianayagam R, McClintock G, Fallot J, Leslie S, Thanigasalam R. The evolution of image guidance in robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP): a glimpse into the future. J Robot Surg. 2022 Aug;16(4):765-774. doi: 10.1007/s11701-021-01305-5. Epub 2021 Sep 4. PMID: 34480674.
March B, Jeffery N, Leslie S, Lee P, Austin K, Solomon M. Complete perineal urethrectomy with phallic preservation for proximal bulbar urethral cancer. BJU International. 2022 June 129: 146-147
McClintock G, Goolam AS, Perera D, Downey R, Leslie S, Grimison P, Woo H, Ferguson P, Ahmadi N. Robotic-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for stage 2 testicular cancer. Asian Journal of Urology. 2022 July
Palma CA, Austin KKS, Leslie S, Jeffery N. Pelvic splenosis: a great mimicker of pelvic neoplasm in patients with previous splenic trauma. ANZ J Surg. 2022 Dec 25. doi: 10.1111/ans.18218. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36566491.
Palma CA, Ferguson P, Jeffery N. Zoon's balanitis presenting as discrete polyp on glans penis. Urol Case Rep. 2022 Oct 7;45:102262. doi: 10.1016/j.eucr.2022.102262. PMID: 36267343; PMCID: PMC9576557.
Palma CA, Watson G, Earls P, Patanjali N, Laurence J, Leslie S. A novel case of hereditary leiomyomatosis- associated renal cell carcinoma with metastasis to pituitary gland. Urol Case Rep. 2022 Aug 30;45:102206. doi: 10.1016/j.eucr.2022.102206. PMID: 36105545; PMCID: PMC9465319.
Robertson TJ, McCulloch TJ, Paleologos MS, Downey RG, Loadsman JA, Thanigasalam R, Leslie S. Effects of sevoflurane versus propofol on cerebral autoregulation during anaesthesia for robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2022 Sep;50(5):361-367. doi: 10.1177/0310057X211061158. Epub 2022 May 15. PMID: 35574717.
Xu J, D'Souza K, Lau NS, Leslie S, Lee T, Yao J, Lam S, Sandroussi C, Chadban S, Ying T, Pleass H, Laurence JM. Staged versus concurrent native nephrectomy and renal transplantation in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: A systematic review. Transplant Rev (Orlando). 2022 Jan;36(1):100652. doi: 10.1016/j.trre.2021.100652. Epub 2021 Sep 16. PMID: 34688508.
Yao J, Lau H, Allen RDM, Vass J, Vasilaras A, Pleass HC. Re: First do no harm. ANZ J Surg. 2022 Nov;92(11):3115. doi: 10.1111/ans.17986. PMID: 36398350.